Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) – LPG Connection Scheme


Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) – LPG Connection Scheme

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 1 May 2016 to distribute 50 million LPG connections to women of Below Poverty Line (BPL) families. A budgetary allocation of ₹80 billion (US$1.1 billion) was made for the scheme.

In India, the poor have limited access to cooking gas (LPG). Primarily in rural areas women used fossil fuels for cooking food and serious health hazards are associated with cooking based on fossil fuels. In India about 5 lakh deaths alone happened due to use of unclean cooking fuels. To overcome this issue central government launched this Scheme.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

Scheme Name Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
Launched Date 1st May 2016
Launched By PM Narendra Modi
Concern Ministry Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Implementation Agencies IOCL, BPCL and HPCL

Objective of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was launched for providing clean fuel to women below the poverty line, mainly rural Indian women. The use of unclean fossil fuels is hazardous to human health. Other aims of the Scheme are mentioned below:

  • To empower women and protect their health.
  • To minimize health issues arising from the use of unclean fossil fuel and other fuels while cooking.
  • To control indoor pollution which causes respiratory issues.
  • To stop environment degradation caused by widespread usage of unclean cooking fuel.

Benefits of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

  • It provides five crore LPG connections to families below poverty line.
  • Under the scheme, oil marketing companies also provide interest-free loans for refilling and purchasing stoves.
  • Financial support of Rs 1600 is provided under the scheme for each LPG connection for BPL households. The administrative cost of this support is aid by the Government. This subsidy is meant for the security fee for the cylinder, pressure regulator, booklet, safety hose, and other fitting charges.
  • The benefits of this scheme are also available for the people of all Hilly States of India including the NE States (who are treated as ‘Priority States’).
  • The scheme will cover BPL families under all forms of distributorship and for various sizes of cylinders (like 14.2 kg, 5 kg, etc.) depending on the field situation.
  • The scheme also effectively addresses several difficulties faced by the people in the States of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, and Tripura in accessing LPG for cooking purposes.

Eligibility for Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

  • The applicant must be a woman and a citizen of India aged above 18 years.
  • She should belong to a family below the poverty line and no one else from her family should own an LPG connection.
  • The overall monthly income of the family should not exceed a certain limit that is prescribed by the UT/State Governments.
  • The applicant should not be registered under any other similar scheme provided by the government.

In the Union Budget of 2021-2022, the government announced that 1 crore more connections will be provided under this scheme.


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