List of Ramsar Sites in India – Wetlands in India

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List of Ramsar Sites in India


What are Ramsar Sites?

Any wetland site which has been listed under the Ramsar Convention which was signed in 1971 by UNESCO and came into force in 1975, that aims to conserve it and promote sustainable use of its natural resources is called a Ramsar Site.

List of Ramsar Sites in India

  • It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran.
  • India signed under the Ramsar Convention on 1st February 1982.
  • As of now, there are 42 Ramsar Sites in India.
  • Chilika Lake (Orissa) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) were recognized as the first Ramsar Sites of India
  • Sundarbans is the largest Ramsar Site of India.
  • Uttar Pradesh has the most number of Ramsar Sites in India. It has 8 Indian Wetlands.
  • Renuka Wetland in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest wetland of India.
  • The United Kingdom has the world’s largest number of Ramsar sites i.e 175.
  • World’s First Ramsar site was identified in 1974, which was the Cobourg Peninsula in Australia.

List of Ramsar Sites in India

Sl. No. Name of Site State Location Date of Declaration Area
(in Sq. km.)
1 Asan Conservation Reserve Uttarakhand 21.7.2020 4.444
2 Asthamudi Wetland Kerala 19.8.2002 614
3 Beas Conservation Reserve Punjab 26.9.2019 64.289
4 Bhitarkanika Mangroves Orissa 19.8.2002 650
5 Bhoj Wetlands Madhya Pradesh 19.8.2002 32.01
6 Chandertal Wetland Himachal Pradesh 8.11.2005 0.49
7 Chilka Lake Orissa 1.10.1981 1165
8 Deepor Beel Assam 19.8.2002 40
9 East Kolkata Wetlands West Bengal 19.8.2002 125
10 Harike Lake Punjab 23.3.1990 41
11 Hokera Wetland Jammu and Kashmir 8.11.2005 13.75
12 Kabartal Wetland Bihar 21.07.2020 26.20
13 Kanjli Lake Punjab 22.1.2002 1.83
14 Keoladeo Ghana NP Rajasthan 1.10.1981 28.73
15 Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve Punjab 26.9.2019 3.439
16 Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh 19.8.2002 901
17 Loktak Lake Manipur 23.3.1990 266
18 Lonar Lake Maharashtra 22.7.2020 4.27
19 Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 24.09.2012 120
20 Nandur Madhameshwar Maharashtra 21.6.2019 14.37
21 Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary Punjab 26.9.2019 1.16
22 Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 19.9.2019 2.246
23 Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2.12.2019 7.22
24 Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 19.8.2002 385
25 Pong Dam Lake Himachal Pradesh 19.8.2002 156.62
26 Renuka Wetland Himachal Pradesh 8.11.2005 0.2
27 Ropar Lake Punjab 22.1.2002 13.65
28 Rudrasagar Lake Tripura 8.11.2005 2.4
29 Saman Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2.12.2019 52.63
30 Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 3.10.2019 79.94
31 Sambhar Lake Rajasthan 23.3.1990 240
32 Sandi Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 26.9.2019 30.85
33 Sarsai Nawar Jheel Uttar Pradesh 19.9.2019 16.13
34 Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala 19.8.2002 3.73
35 Sunderbans Wetland West Bengal 30.1.2019 4230
36 Surinsar-Mansar Lakes Jammu and Kashmir 8.11.2005 3.5
37 Sur Sarovar Uttar Pradesh 21.8.2020 4.31
38 Tso Kar Wetland Complex Ladakh 17.11.2020 95.77
39 Tsomoriri Lake Jammu and Kashmir 19.8.2002 120
40 Upper Ganga River
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
Uttar Pradesh 8.11.2005 265.9
41 Vembanad Kol Wetland Kerala 19.8.2002 1512.5
42 Wular Lake Jammu & Kashmir 23.3.1990 189

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