Jain Tirthankaras – List of the 24 Tirthankaras with their Emblem and Colour

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Jain Tirthankaras

In Jainism, a Tirthankara is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path). The word tirthankara signifies the founder of a tirtha, which is a fordable passage across the sea of interminable births and deaths, the saṃsāra. According to Jains, a Tirthankara is an individual who has conquered the saṃsāra, the cycle of death and rebirth, on their own, and made a path for others to follow. After understanding the true nature of the self or soul, the Tīrthaṅkara attains Kevala Jnana (omniscience). The first Tirthankara founded Jainism. Tirthankara provides a bridge for others to follow the new teacher from saṃsāra to Mahavira (liberation).

The word tirthankara signifies the founder of a tirtha which means a fordable passage across the sea of interminable births and deaths (called saṃsāra). Tirthankaras are variously called “Teaching Gods”, “Ford-Makers”, “Crossing Makers” and “Makers of the River-Crossing.

List of the 24 Jain Tirthankaras with their Emblem and Colour

Sr. No. NAME OF Jain Tirthankaras EMBLEM COLOUR
1 Rishabhanatha (Adinatha) Bull Golden
2 Ajitanatha  Elephant Golden
3 Sambhavanatha  Horse Golden
4 Abhinandananatha Monkey Golden
5 Sumatinatha Heron Golden
6 Padmaprabha Padma Red
7 Suparshvanatha Swastika Golden
8 Chandraprabha Crescent Moon White
9 Pushpadanta (Suvidhinath)  Crocodile or Makara White
10 Shitalanatha  Kalpavriksha Golden
11 Shreyanasanatha Rhinoceros Golden
12 Vasupujya Buffalo Red
13 Vimalanatha  Boar Golden
14 Anantanatha Porcupine according to the Digambara
Falcon according to the Śvētāmbara
Golden
15 Dharmanatha Vajra Golden
16 Shantinatha Antelope or deer Golden
17 Kunthunatha Goat Golden
18 Aranatha  Nandavarta or fish Golden
19 Māllīnātha Kalasha Blue
20 Munisuvrata  Tortoise Black
21 Naminatha Blue lotus Golden
22 Neminatha Shankha Black
23 Parshvanatha  Snake Blue
24 Mahavira  Lion Golden

 

 



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